Chronology of Vampires

by Enrico Baccarini©

 This is a concise chronology of Vampire compiled for an anthropological study of the phenomenon through the ages, the different cultures and mithology. Was been very interesting to se how Vampires appears in various lore, folklore and legends throught history and all over the world. It’s also very interesting to see how distant and never get in contact cultures had developed similar legends.

This is a timeline of the vampires through the history:

Year Event
5000 BC The emergence of Vampirism in the Mediterranean Basin.
2000 BC Tomb of the Vampire is erected in Giza, Egypt.
31 Jesus is claimed to have healed vampires at Capernaum.
140 Reign of Longinus, Rome’s Vampire Emperor.
773 Charlemagne defeats Quadilla the Vampire thus saving Rome.
1047 First appearance of the word “upir” (an early form of the word later to become “vampire”) in a document referring to a Russian prince as “Upir Lichy”, or wicked vampire.
1096 First Crusade expels vampires from The Holy Land, Jerusalem.
1190 Walter Map’s “De Nagis Curialium” includes accounts of vampire like beings in England.
1196 William of Newburgh’s “Chronicles” records several stories of vampire like revenants in England.
1428/29 “Dracula” aka Vlad Dracula or aka Vlad the Impaler is born.
1476/77 Dracula is assassinated.
1484 The Malleus Maleficarium (the witch hunter’s bible) is written by Heinrich Kramer and Jacob Sprenger. The topic of how to hunt and destroy a vampire is discussed within it’s pages.
1530 Italian scientist Ludovico Fatinelli burned at the stake for suggesting a biological cause for vampirism in his “Treatise on Vampires”.
1560 Erzsebet (Elizabeth) Bathory is born.
1607 “The Ship of the Dead” brings vampires to the New World.
1610 Bathory is arrested for killing several hundred girls and bathing in their blood. Tried and convicted, she is sentenced to life imprisonment, being bricked into a room in her castle.
Leo Allatius finishes writing the first modern treatment of vampires, “De Graecorum hodie quirundam opinationabus”.
1614 Elizabeth Bathory dies.
1657 Fr. Francoise Richard’s “Relation de ce qui s’est passé a Sant-Erini Isle de l’Archipel” links vampirism and witchcraft.
1672 Wave of vampire hysteria sweeps through Istra.
1679 A German vampire text, “De Masticatione Mortuorum”, is written by Phillip Rohr.
1710 Vampire hysteria sweeps through East Prussia.
1725 Vampire hysteria returns to East Prussia.
1725/30 Vampire hysteria lingers in Hungary.
1725/32 The wave of vampire hysteria in Austrian Serbia produces the famous cases of Peter Plogojowitz and Arnold Paul (Paole).
1734 The word “vampyre” enters the English language in translations of German accounts of European waves of vampire hysteria.
1744 Cardinal Giuseppe Davanzati publishes his treatise, “Dissertazione sopre I Vampiri.”
1746 Dom Augustin Calmet publishes his treatise on vampires, “Dissertations sur les Apparitions des Anges des Demons et des Espits, et sur les revenants, et Vampires de Hundrie, de boheme, de Moravic, et de Silesie.”
1748 The first modern vampyre poem, “Der Vampir”, is published by Heinrich August Ossenfelder.
1750 Another wave of vampire hysteria occurs in East Prussia.
1756 Vampire hysteria peaks in Wallachia, Romania.
1772 Vampire hysteria occurs in Russia.
1797 Goethe’s “Bride of Corinth” (a poem concerning a vampire) is published.
1798/1800 Samuel Taylor Coleridge writes “Christabel,” now conceded to be the first vampire poem in English.
1800 “I Vampiri,” an opera by Silvestro de Palma, opens in Milan, Italy.
1801 “Thalaba” by Robert Southey is the first poem to mention the vampire in English.
1810 Reports of sheep being killed by having their jugular veins cut and their blood drained circulated through northern England. “The Vampyre,” an early vampire poem, by John Stagg is published.
1813 A vampire appears in Lord Byron’s The Giaour.
1819 John Polidori’s “The Vampyre,” is the first vampire story in English is published.
1820 “Lord Ruthwen ou Les Vampires” by Cyprien Berard is published anonymously in Paris. June 13: “Le Vampire,” the play by Charles Nodier, opens at the Theatre de la Porte Saint-Martin in Paris. August: “The Vampire; or, The Bride of the Isles,” a translation of Nodier’s play by James R. Planche, opens in London.
1829 March: Heinrich Marschner’s opera, “Der Vampyr,” based on Nodier’s story, opens in Liepzig.
1841 Alexey Tolstoy publishes his short story, “Upyr,” while living in Paris. It is the first modern vampire story by a Russian.
1847 Bram Stoker is born.
1850 Haussman destroys Paris’ Vampire Quarter then rebuilds city.
1851 Alexandre Dumas’ last dramatic work, “Le Vampire,” opens in Paris.
1854 Copper Creek Siege in California prompts formation of Federal Vampire and Zombie Agency.
The case of vampirism in the Ray family of Jewell, Connecticut, is published in local newspapers.
1872 In Italy, Vincenzo Verzeni is convicted of murdering two people and drinkin
1874 Reports from Ceven, Ireland, tell of sheep having their throats cut and their blood drained.
1882 New York Vampire riots ensue.
1891 Steketee’s Vampire Rights movement in France is started.
1897 “Dracula” by Bram Stoker is published in England.
1905 Worldwide vampire population hits the one million.
1924 Fritz Haarmann the “Vampire of Hanover” is arrested, tried and convicted of killing more than 20 people in a vampire crime spree.
1931 Dracula, starring Bela Lugosi, is released.
Peter Kurten of Dusseldorf, Germany, is executed after being found guilty of murdering a number of people in a vampiric killing spree.
1932 The movie “Vampyr,” directed by Carl Theodore Dreyer, is released.
1936 “Dracula’s Daughter” is released.
1942 A. E. Van Vought’s “Asylum” is the first story about an alien vampire.
1943 U. S. President Franklin Roosevelt unveils “The Zozobra Project”.
1943 “Son of Dracula”, stars Lon Chaney, Jr., as Dracula.
1950 In New Mexico an auto mechanic named Joe Valdez becomes the first successful recipient of the vampire vaccine.
1962 The Count Dracula Society is founded in the United States by Donald Reed.
1964 “The Munsters” and “The Addams Family”; television shows with vampire characters.
1965 Jeanne Youngson founds The Count Dracula Fan Club.
1967 Due to the Lazo Disaster in Siberia, the United Nations (UN) passes a resolution banning vampire blood research.
1970 Sean Manchester founds The Vampire Research Society.”In Search of Dracula” by Raymond T. McNally and Radu Florescu is published. –Stephan Kaplan founds The Vampire Research Centre.
1976 The first of The Vampire Chronicles, “Interview With the Vampire”, by Anne Rice is published.
1978 Eric Held and Dorothy Nixon found the Vampire Information Exchange.
1979 Frank Langella stars in the remake of Dracula.
1980 Richard Chase, the so-called Dracula Killer of Sacramento, California, commits suicide in prison.
The World Federation of Dark Shadows Clubs (now Dark Shadows Official Fan Club) is founded.
1985 “The Vampire Lestat” by Anne Rice is published and reaches the best seller list.
1986 President Reagan lifts ban on the vampire and zombie blood research.
1987 “Methuselah Project” is initiated at the Santa Rosa Institute.
1988 “The Queen of the Damned” is published by Anne Rice.
1992 Andrei Chikatilo of Rostov, Russia, is sentenced to death after killing and vampirizing some 55 people.
1994 The film version of Anne Rice’s “Interview with the Vampire” opens with Tom Cruise as the Vampire Lestat and Brad Pitt as Louis.
1998 Blade is released into theaters. Pandora by Anne Rice is published. The Vampire Armand by Anne Rice is published.
1999 Vittorio the Vampire by Anne Rice is published.


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